DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20174994

Prevalence of anemia in pregnant mothers and their outcome: a study in a semi urban area

Juvvadi Srilatha

Abstract


Background: One of the most common disorders associated with nutritional deficiencies is anaemia. The etiology of anemia during pregnancy among women in developing countries is multifactorial and varies by geographic region. Hence this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of anemia among the pregnant women in our geographical area along with the outcome.

Methods: The patients age, weight, BMI, parity, etc were noted and blood was collected for blood investigations which included random sugar levels, complete blood picture apart feom haemoglobin levels. Hemoglobin was calculated by Sahli’s method and classified according to the WHO classification for pregnant women.

Results: The predominant age group of the 486 patients was 20-24 years, followed by 25-29 years. 291 out of the 486 patients (59.9%) were anemic and 40.1% of the patients were non anemic. 19.8% of the patients had mild anemia, 33.3% of the patients had moderate anemia, and 6.8% of the patients had severe anemia.

Conclusions: Information and interaction, and good nutritional diet and medication is important to reduce the incidences of anemia and thereby the morbidity and mortality associated with it.


Keywords


Anemia, Foetal outcome, Pregnant women

Full Text:

PDF

References


WHO. 2004. Micronutrient deficiency: Battling iron deficiency anaemia: the challenge. Available at http://www.who.int/ nut/ida.htm. Accessed on April 24, 2008

DeMayer EM, Tegman A. Prevalence of anaemia in the World. World Health Organ Qlty. 1998;38:302-16.

World Health Organization. WHO/NUT/MCM/92.2. WHO; Geneva. The prevalence of anemia in women: A tabulation of available information. 2nd ed. Geneva: World Health Organization;1992. Available at http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/58994

Ezzati M, Lopus AD, Dogers A, Vander HS, Murray C. Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease. Lancet. 2002;360:1347-60.

IIPS National Family Health Survey 1998-99 (NFHS-2): Available at http://www.nfhsindia.org/india2.html. Accessed on September 24, 2008.

IIPS. National Family Health Survey 2005-06 (NFHS- 3): Available at http://mohfw.nic.in/nfhsfactsheet.htm. Accessed on September 24, 2008.

DLHS on RCH. Nutritional status of children and prevalence of anaemia among children, adolescent grils and pregnant women 2002-2004. Available at http://www.rchindia.org/ nr_india.htm 2006. Accessed on September 24, 2008.

Dayal S, Dayal A. Prevalence and consequences of anaemia in pregnancy. Int J Med Res Rev. 2014;2(4):296-9.

Cheema HK, Bajwa BS, Kaur K, Joshi H. Prevalence and possible risk factors of anaemia in different trimesters of pregnancy. IJCMR. 2016;3(4):1194-7.

Noronha JA, Khasawneh EA, Seshan V, Ramasubramianian S, Raman S. Anemia in Pregnancy – Consequences and challenges: A review of literature. J South Asian Fed of Obstet Gyncol. 2012;4(1):64-70.

Mahe-Muhir A. A study of anemia in pregnancy women of railway colony Multan, Pakistan. J Med Res. 2004;4(1).

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Government of India. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) 2005-2006. Available at http://pdf.usaid.gov/ pdf_docs/PNADK385.pdf. Accessed on Feb 9th 2016.

Singh AB, Kandpal SD, Chandra R, Srivastava VK, Negi KS. Anemia amongst pregnant and lactating women in District Dehradun. Indian J Prev Soc Med. 2009;1:19-22.

Kefiyalew F, Zemene E, Asres Y, Gedefaw L. Anemia among pregnant women in Southeast Ethiopia: prevalence, severity and associated risk factors. BMC Research Notes. 2014 Nov 3;7(1):771.

Kalaivani K. Prevalence and consequences of anaemia in pregnancy. Indian J Med Res. 2009;130:627-633.

Prema K, Neela KS, Ramalakshmi BA. Anaemia and adverse obstetric out come. Nutr Rep Int. 1981;23:637-43.

Maternal Mortality in India 1997-2003, Registrar General of India. Available athttp://www.censusindia.net/. Accessed on December 15, 2008.

Levy A, Fraser D, Katz M, Mazor M, Sheiner E. Maternal anaemia during pregnancy is an independent risk factor for low birth weight and preterm delivery. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2005;122(2):182-6.

Vijaynath 1, Jitendra 1, Ramesh P, Abhishek P. Prevalence of anemia in pregnancy. Indian J Appl Basic Med Sci. 2010;12:23-35.

Jain P, Kural M, Joshi T. Maternal and fetal outcome in cases of severe anaemia with pregnancy in rural setup. Int J Med Appl Sci. 2013;2(3):318-33.

Bakhtiar UJ, Khan Y, Nasar R. Relationship between maternal haemoglobin and perinatal outcome. Rawal Med J. 2007;32(2):102-4.

Rani U, Gupta J, Gupta R, Aggarwal K. Maternal anaemia and its severity: an independent risk factor for preterm delivery and adverse neonatal outcome. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Jun;3(2):325-9.

Klebanoff MA, Shiono PH, Selby JV, Trachtenberg AI, Graubard BI. Anemia and spontaneous preterm birth. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1991;164:59-63.

Adinma JB, Ikechebelu JI, Onyejimbe UN, Amilo G, Adinma E. Influence of antenatal care on the haematocrit value of pregnant Nigerian Igbo women. Tropic J Obstet Gynecol. 2002;19(2):68-70.

F. I. Buseri, E. K. Uko, Z. A. Jeremiah, and E. A. Usanga, “Prevalence and risk factors of anaemia among pregnant women in Nigeria,” Open Journal of Hematology, vol. 2, pp. 14–19, 2008.

Bukar M, Audu BM, Sadauki HM, Elnafaty AU, Mairiga AG. Prevalence of iron deficiency and megaloblastic anaemia at booking in a secondary health facility in north eastern Nigeria. Nigerian Med J. 2009 Apr 1;50(2):33.