Evaluation of anti-thyroglobulin antibodies and thyroid stimulating hormone level in cases of recurrent early pregnancy loss

Mohamed Elmahdy, Eman T. Elsayed


Background: Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) is by far the most frequent cause of hypothyroidism in women in reproductive age. The prevalence of hypothyroidism in the general population of reproductive age is 2-3%. The objective of this study was to evaluate maternal anti-thyroglobulin (ATG) concentrations and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level in cases of recurrent miscarriage.

Methods: 200 female patients divided into two groups. Group A: 100 female patients with history of recurrent miscarriage. Group B: 100 female patients with at least 2 living children and without history of recurrent early miscarriage.  Antithyroglobulin antibodies using chemilumeniscence immunoassay (normal level up to 115 IU/ml) and TSH level using chemilumeniscence immunoassay (normal level 0.350-2 U/ml) were assessed.

Results: 8.0% of cases (n = 100) and 2.0% of control group (n = 100) were positive for anti TG antibodies. There was no significant relationship between the presence of anti TG antibodies and RPL (p = 0.052).  19% of cases (n = 100) were positive for TSH level. On the other hand, 14% of control group (n = 100) were positive for TSH level there was no significant relation between recurrent pregnancy loss and TSH, (P = 0.34).

Conclusions: Neither TSH nor ATG showed significant difference in cases with recurrent miscarriage.



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