Published: 2018-07-26

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients of pregnancy induced hypertension

Guljit Kaur, Sangeeta Pahwa, Ibadat Preet


Background: The objectives of this study were to compare the serum Vitamin D levels in pregnant patients of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) and healthy normotensive patients and to study the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients of PIH.

Methods: This study was conducted in Shri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Vallah, Amritsar in year 2015-2017. In total 100 cases were taken for the study and divided into two groups.

Results: Serum Vitamin D levels were quite low in women with pregnancy induced hypertension with a mean vitamin D levels of 13.006±6.24 ng/ml as compared to 23.239±10.601 ng/ml in healthy pregnant women. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in PIH group was very high i.e. 94% compared to 46% in normotensive group (Mean Vitamin D levels <20 ng/ml).

Conclusions: Vitamin D levels are deficient in patients of PIH and there is increased prevalence of vitamin D deficiency with PIH suggesting that vitamin D deficiency can be a risk factor for the development of PIH.


PIH, Prevalence, Vitamin D

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