DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20180180

Knowledge, awareness and prevention of cervical cancer among women attending a rural based tertiary care centre, Theni, South India

Shanthadevi Sambath, Madhumitha Chandrasekaran

Abstract


Background: Cervical carcinoma is the most common genital cancer in India and a leading cause of cancer-associated deaths. Cervical cancer is both preventable and curable, yet morbidity and mortality from the disease remain high especially in developing countries. Request for cervical cancer screening is exceedingly low among women due to lack of awareness of cervical cancer and the screening methods

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in 200 women attending Gynaecology OPD in Government Theni Medical College Hospital, Tamil Nadu. We studied the knowledge, awareness, and attitude of patients, about cervical cancer and the screening methods in a tertiary institution. They were interviewed with predesigned questionnaire after getting informed consent.

Results: Of the 200 patients surveyed, 74 (37%) had heard of cervical cancer, while 44 (22%) knew about screening, with health care providers being their most frequent source of information. Only 26 (13%) women ever had screening done and no one is aware of HPV vaccine.

Conclusions: Adequate health information and counselling on cervical cancer and regular screening still need to be emphasized in developing countries so as to reverse the morbidity and mortality associated with cervical cancer.


Keywords


Cervical cancer, HPV vaccine, Screening

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organization. Globocan fact sheets. International Cancer Research. Available at http://www.globocan.iarc.fr/factsheet.asp#WOMEN Accessed 23rd January 2012.

Guidelines for cervical cancer screening. Government of India and WHO Collaborative Program. Available at http://www.whoindia.org/LinkFiles3 Accessed 23rd January 2012.

Swan J, Breen N, Coates RJ, Rimer BK, Lee NC. Progress in cancer screening practices in the United States. Results from the 2000 national health interview survey. Cancer. 2003;97:1528-40.

Siddharthar J, Rajkumar B, Deivasigamani K. Knowledge, awareness and prevention of cervical cancer among women attending a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry, India. J Clin Diagn Res. 2014;8(6):OC01-3.

Aswathy S, Quereshi MA, Kurian B, Leelamoni K. Cervical cancer screening: current knowledge and practice among women in a rural population of Kerala, India. Indian J Med Res. 2012;136(2):205-10.

Mwaka AD, Orach CG, Were EM, Lyratzopoulos G, Wabinga H, Roland M. Awareness of cervical cancer risk factors and symptoms: cross‐sectional community survey in post‐conflict northern Uganda. Health Expectations. 2016;19(4):854-67.

Fasanu AO, Akindele RA, Adebimpe WA, Ala OOA, Omopariola SO, Adisa OP. Knowledge of risk factors and utilization of cervical cancer screening services among health care workers in a Teaching Hospital in Southwestern Nigeria. Int J Med Med Sci. 2014;4(5):172-7.

Hong Y, Zhang C, Li X, Lin D, Liu Y. HPV and cervical cancer related knowledge, awareness and testing behaviors in a community sample of female sex workers in China. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(1):696.

Elit L, Jimenez W, McAlpine J, Ghatage P, Miller D, Plante M. Cervical cancer prevention in low-resource settings. SOGC–GOC–SCC joint policy statement. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2011;33(3):272-9.

Onwudiwe EN. Motivations and preferences of rural Nigerian women undergoing cervical cancer screening via visual inspection with acetic acid. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2013;120:262-5.