DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20180183

The effects of food habits on pregnancy outcome

Devdatt Laxman Pitale

Abstract


Background: Nutrition during pregnancy plays an important role for an optimum outcome of pregnancy. Maternal undernutrition can lead to poor intrauterine growth and low weight of the baby at birth. Moreover, the leading causes for maternal deaths like hemorrhage and infection are related directly or indirectly to nutrition. The aim of this study was to study the effects of food habits on pregnancy outcome.

Methods: 350 women from the antenatal clinic, who satisfied the criteria were admitted to the study.

Results: The majority of pregnant women belonged to the age group of 21-25 years (47%) followed by the 26-30 years age group (40%) and 83% belonged to the low socioeconomic class. Majority of the babies (66%) had the birth weight in the range of 2.5-2.9 kg. There was a significant association (p value <0.05) between the socioeconomic status of the mother, parity and her calorie intake. The present study found a statistically significant association between the maternal nutritional status, the birth weight of the baby and the need for NICU admission (p value <0.05).

Conclusions: Maternal food habits have significant effects on the pregnancy outcome.


Keywords


Birth weight, Food habits, Nutrition

Full Text:

PDF

References


King JC. The risk of maternal nutritional depletion and poor outcomes increases in early or closely spaced pregnancies. J Nutr. 2003;133(5):1732S-6S.

MOHFW. National family health survey-4. International institute for population sciences. Mumbai; 2015-2016.

Institute of Medicine. Weight gain during pregnancy: reexamining the guidelines. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 2009.

Asha K, Salil S. Nutrient intake of lactating mothers from rural areas and urban areas. Indian J Soc Res. 1998;39:2.

Nag M. Beliefs and practices about food during pregnancy: implications for maternal nutrition. Economic Political Weekly. 2009;29(37):2427-38.

Zeisel HS. Importance of methyl donors during reproduction. Am J Clin Nutr. 20009;89(2):673S-7.

Wahid MA, Fathi SA. Nutrition and the unborn baby. Ric Clin Lab. 1987;17(3):199-206.

Manderson L, Mathews M. Vietnamese attitudes towards maternal and infant health. Med J Aust. 1981:69-72.

Mitchell J, Mackerras D. The traditional humoral food habits of pregnant Vietnamese-Australian women and their effect on birth weight. Aust J Public Health.1995:629-33.

Patil R, Mittal A, Vedapriya D, Khan MI, Raghavia M. Taboos and misconceptions about food during pregnancy among rural population of Pondicherry. Calicut Med J. 2010;8(2):e4.

Rizvi F. Impact of maternal education, and socioeconomic status on maternal nutritional knowledge and practices regarding iron rich foods and iron supplements. Ann Pak Inst Med Sci. 2012;8(2):101-5.

Sonneveldt E, Plosky WD, Stover J. Linking high parity and maternal and child mortality: what is the impact of lower health services coverage among higher order births. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(3):S7.

Thilotthammal N. Influence if maternal nutritional status on mode of delivery and asphyxia neonatorum. Indian J Pediatr. 1992;59(3):325-9.

Sumithra M. Maternal nutrition and low birth weight-what is really important. Indian J Med Res. 2009;130:600-8.

Stephenson T, Symonds M. Maternal nutrition as a determinant of birth weight. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2002;86:F4-F6.

Kalik P, Guthmann F, Krause K, Relle K, Godes M, Gossing G, et al. Impact of maternal body mass index on neonatal outcome. Eur J Med Res. 2009;14(5):216-22.

Minsart AF, Buekens P, De Spiegelaere M, Englert Y. Neonatal outcomes in obese mothers: a population-based analysis. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2013;13:36.

Eram U, Tamanna Z, Humaira JT. Taboos and misconceptions associated with pregnancy among rural women in Aligarh. Int J Inform Res Rev. 2016;03(12):3407-9.

Ugwa EA. Nutritional practices and taboos among pregnant women attending antenatal care at general hospital in Kano, Northwest Nigeria. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2016;6(2):109-14.