Vitamin D levels in pregnant women in Uttarakhand, India
Keywords:Bacterial vaginosis, Gestational diabetes, Nutritious diet, Pre-eclampsia, Vitamin D deficiency
Background: A balanced, nutritious diet is an important aspect of a healthy pregnancy and its outcome. Vitamin D plays an important role in regular bone growth and in adequate function of innate immune system, including barrier function of mucous membrane. Vitamin D deficiency in adult females may increase risk of pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, bacterial vaginosis. The present study was undertaken to find the prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency in the women of Uttarakhand, India.
Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences (HIMS), Swami Ram Nagar, Dehradun, India over a period of 12 months. Sample size was 100 pregnant females attending antenatal clinic.
Results: Out of 100 subjects, 21 (21%) had deficient, 69 (69%) had insufficient and 10 (10%) had sufficient vitamin D status. Out of 21 deficient subjects, 18 (85.71%) were Hindus, 2 (9.52%) were Muslims, 1 (4.76%) was Sikh and no deficiency was seen in Christian. In the present study, deficient vitamin D status was seen in 1 (4.76%) in lower, 16 (76.19%) in middle and 4 (19.04%) subjects in upper socioeconomic status.
Conclusions: It is concluded from our study that there is serious vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency in the women of Uttarakhand, India.
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