Iniencephaly: a rare birth defect


  • Alpana Singh Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, UCMS and GTB Hospital, Delhi, India
  • Vasudha Gupta Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, UCMS and GTB Hospital, Delhi, India
  • Amrita . Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, UCMS and GTB Hospital, Delhi, India



Anencephaly, Iniencephaly, Retroflexion


Iniencephaly is form of neural tube defect which includes occipital bone defect at foramen magnum along with fixed retroflexion of fetal head and absence of fetal neck. Incidence of iniencephaly is 0.1-10 in 10,000 pregnancies. There is a known female predilection for this condition. Iniencephaly has a poor prognosis. It can be diagnosed antenatally by raised maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein and typical ultrasound features. Termination should be advised to patients who present before 20 weeks. Herein we are describing a case of iniencephaly who presented at 27 weeks of gestation with a brief review of literature.


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Case Reports