DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20180872

Proportion of pregnancy associated asymptomatic bacteriuria in a tertiary care hospital

Semanti Bose, Vijaya Manohar Revankar

Abstract


Background: Urinary tract infections are a common occurrence in pregnancy. The physiological and anatomical changes associated with pregnancy predispose to UTIs. Main aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnant women, to identify the commonest microorganisms and antibacterial susceptibility of the isolated organism and to study the adverse maternal and fetal outcome.

Methods: Prospective cross sectional study, conducted between July 2016 to July 2017 in a tertiary hospital. All pregnant women without the symptoms of UTI attending prenatal checkups were included, they were evaluated with urine microscopy and culture sensitivity.

Results: Out of 250 pregnant women, 24 urine samples were contaminated and were excluded from the study.165 pregnant women had sterile culture. 10 women had insignificant bacteruria. 30 women had significant growth on culture. 2 of the culture positive women and 21 culture negative women lost for follows. So total number of culture positive women were 28 so incidence of asymptomatic bacteruria is 13.7%.

Conclusions: Routine urine culture sensitivity even in asymptomatic women should be offered during antenatal visits so that adverse maternal and fetal outcomes can be prevented.


Keywords


Asymptomatic bacteriuria, Culture and sensitivity, Microorganisms, Urine analysis, UTI

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References


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