DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20181331

Spectrum of ectopic pregnancy in tertiary care centre

Ishrat Zuber, Vaishali Chaurasia

Abstract


Background: Ectopic pregnancy is a catastrophic and life-threatening condition and one of the commonest acute abdominal emergency in day-to-day practice. Objectives of present study were to know the incidence of Ectopic pregnancy at Tertiary care centre, the age group, parity and risk factor of ectopic pregnancy, the clinical presentation of ectopic pregnancy and the outcome and management of ectopic pregnancy.

Methods: It was a retrospective study conducted at Chirayu Medical College and Hospital, Bhopal from 1st June 2009 to 31st May 2014. A total of 42 patients with ectopic pregnancy were analyzed on clinical presentation, clinical findings, investigations, operative findings and outcome.

Results: A majority of women (64.29%) were in the age group of 21-30 years and 78.57% were multigravida. Commonest risk factors were previous history of abortion (23.80%) and pelvic inflammatory disease (14.28%) Amenorrhea (92.85%) and pain abdomen (89.22%) were the most common presenting symptoms. Ampulla of fallopian tube was the commonest site (45.23%). Unilateral salpingectomy was performed in 40.47% patients. There were no maternal deaths and majority (80.96%) were discharged within seven days.

Conclusions: Ectopic pregnancy still remains one of the major causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis and referral in hemodynamically stable state along with use of minimal access surgery or medical management can change the scenario of ectopic pregnancy in the developing world.


Keywords


Amenorrhoea, Abortion, Ectopic, Pregnancy, Pelvic inflammatory disease

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