Study of maternal and fetal outcome in antepartum eclampsia in a tertiary care hospital

Aruna Rani R., Dheeba Jayanthi R., Eswari S.


Background: In modern obstetrics, the prevalence of Eclampsia and its complications are high, so we decided to study pregnancy outcome in all Antepartum Eclampsia patients. The present study was carried out to investigate the maternal and fetal outcome in patient with Antepartum eclampsia.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted in Government Mohan Kumaramangalam Medical College Hospital, Salem, India over a period of one year from January 2016 to December 2016 in all Antepartum Eclampsia patients. Analysis was done regarding the age of women, parity, gestational age, imminent symptoms, mode of delivery, fetal outcome and maternal morbidity and mortality.

Results: Incidence of Antepartum Eclampsia in our hospital is 0.7%. It is more common in age group of 20 to 25years (68.5%) and primigravida (56%) and gestational age >37 weeks (51.85%). Commonest mode of delivery was by caesarean section (72%). Out of 54 patients of Antepartum Eclampsia 3 (5.5%) died and 18 (33%) had complications. Out of 50 live babies, 16 (32%) died.

Conclusions: Eclampsia is still one of the important and common obstetric emergencies and it has a significant role in maternal and fetal outcome. The early identification of risk factors and timely intervention is needed to improve maternal and perinatal outcome.


Eclampsia, Maternal complication, Primigravida, Perinatal outcome

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