Caesarean scar ectopic pregnancy
Keywords:Case report, Caesarean, Ectopic pregnancy scar, Women
Ectopic pregnancy is a common cause of mortality and morbidity among the women of reproductive age group. Tubal pregnancy is the commonest. It can occur in cervix, ovaries, previous caesarean scar, interstitial portion of the tube and abdominal cavity. Here we report a case of caesarean scar ectopic pregnancy which was managed conservatively. 31 yrs old gravid 3 previous 1 LSCS and 1 tubal ectopic come for antenatal consultation at 35 days of gestation. UPT was Positive. USG showed no evidence of intra uterine sac. Repeat scan after 10 days showed a gestational sac at the lower uterine segment scar. Hence it was decided for conservative management, injection methotrexate 50 mgm X 2 doses given. This was followed by misoprost vaginal insertion. Since patient did not expel the sac, injection PG F2 alpha 125 mg x 2 doses were given. Patient expelled the products of conception partially. This was followed by hysteroscopic guided evacuation.Caesarean scar ectopic was reported in 1978. Early diagnosis is by TV USG / MRI. Early ectopic can be treated medically. In delayed diagnosis, laparoscopic excision of the scar has to be done. In rupture of the scar site ectopic pregnancy laparotomy is indicated. In the event of heavy bleeding, hysterectomy has to be done. After conservative management and excision of the scar, fertility is not altered. Caesarean section scar pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy which can lead to life threatening complications leading to mortality and morbidity. Treatment has to be individualized according to the gestational age, haemodynamic stability and desire for future fertility.
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