Published: 2018-03-27

Epithelioid leiomyosarcoma: a rare uterine cancer

Upadhya Rekha, Vidyashree G. Poojari, Muralidhar V. Pai, Jayaraman Nambiar


A uterine epithelioid leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant tumour that arises from the smooth muscle lining the walls of the uterus. The exact cause of leiomyosarcoma, including uterine leiomyosarcoma accounting for 5 to 10% is unknown. Leiomyosarcoma is the most common subtype of uterine sarcoma, accounts for 1-2% of uterine malignancies. Malignancy should be suspected in menopausal women with tumour growth who are not on hormonal replacement therapy. A 64-year-old female had attained menopause 16 year back and developed postmenopausal bleeding since 2 months, with palpable mass, of 16 weeks size. Ultrasonography showed whorled mass lesions, endometrium and myometrium could not be seen separately. Uterus with both ovaries removed. Intra-operative findings showed 16 weeks uterine mass with size 15×10.5×10cm and weight 1kg with intramural fibroid. Necrotic and haemorrhagic areas with degenerative changes seen on cut section suggestive of malignancy. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry reported epithelioid leiomyosarcoma.


Epithelioid, Immunohistochemistry, Leiomyosarcoma, Postmenopause

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