Comparative evaluation of laparoscopic hysterectomy and non-descent vaginal hysterectomy in women with benign gynaecological disease
Keywords:Intraoperative complications, LH, NDVH, Postoperative complications
Background: Hysterectomy is one of the most frequently performed gynaecological operative procedure all over world, second most to caesarean section in United States. The aim of study was to compare the intraoperative and postoperative complications in patients undergoing non-descent vaginal hysterectomy (NDVH) and Laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) for benign gynaecological disease.
Methods: The prospective one-year study was conducted on 156 patients who required hysterectomy for benign gynaecological conditions. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 75 patients assigned to Group A (NDVH) and 75 to Group B (LH) and both groups were compared.
Results: On comparing the two groups there was statistically significant decrease in the duration of surgery (p<0.01, t = 11.65), pain score (p<0.01, t = 2.75) and blood transfusion requirement (p = 0.03, χ2 = 4.80) in group A, while blood loss (p = 0.73, t = 0.33), uterine volume (p = 0.15, t = 1.43), time taken to ambulate (p = 0.06 , t = 0.21), duration of hospital stay (p = 0.07, t = 1.80), conversion to laparotomy (p = 0.13, χ2 = 2.56), febrile morbidity (p = 0.27, χ2 = 1.34), infection (p = 0.42, χ2 = 1.11) and visceral injury was found statistically insignificant.
Conclusions: Vaginal hysterectomy is an easier technique with shorter duration of surgery and with minimal infrastructure required and for fixed uterus or huge adnexal mass laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) should be preferred.
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