Knowledge and practice about contraception among married women in reproductive age group in a rural area of Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu, India: a cross-sectional study


  • Praveena Daya A. Department of Community Medicine, Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Prema Priya G. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vinayaka Mission Kirupananda Variyar Medical College Hospital, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Karthikeyan G. Nanguneri Government Hospital, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India



Contraception, Family planning, Intra uterine devices, Knowledge, Sterilization


Background: Unmet need for contraception is still high in developing countries because of various reasons and poses a great challenge to the success of family welfare programme Assessing the knowledge and filling the gap is essential for successful functioning of the programme and for reducing the unmet need.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the knowledge and practices on contraception among 100 married women in reproductive age group (15-49 years) residing in a Rural Health centre area of Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu, South India.

Results: Among the 100 participants, common known methods of contraception were IUD (56%), permanent sterilization (38%), Pills (21%) and Condoms (14%). Out of 100 participants, only 38 were using contraception. Among the 62 who are not using any method of contraception, 30 are willing to practice contraception after motivation and among them 27 prefer to use temporary methods. Fear of side effects was most common reason stated for not using contraception.

Conclusions: Knowledge and practice related to contraception among the participants were observed to be less. Health education campaigns emphasizing the need of family planning and about the services available in the government health facilities has to be organized regularly.


Park K. Parks Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine. 23rd edition. Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers, India; 2015.

International Institute for Population Sciences. State Fact sheet – Tamilnadu. National Family health Survey 2015-16. India: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.

Renjhen P, Kumar A, Pattanshetty S, Sagir A, Samarasinghe CM. A study on knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception among college students in Sikkim, India. J Turkish-German Gynecol Assoc. 2010;11:78-81.

Kagashhe GAB, Honest G. Knowledge and use of contraception among secondary school girls in Dar es Salaam Tanzania. J App Pharm Sci. 2013;3(01):66-8.

Oni TE, Prinsloo EAM, Nortje JD, Joubert G. High school students attitudes, practices and knowledge of contraception in Jozini, KwaZulu-Natal. South Afr Fam Prac. 2005;47(6):54-7.

Department of Higher Education. Indian Standard Classification of Education (InSCED). India: Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, 2014.

Gupta V, Mohapatra D, Kumar V. Family planning knowledge, attitude, and practices among the currently married women (aged 15–45 years) in an urban area of Rohtak district, Haryana. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016;5:627-32.

Srivastav A, Khan MS, Chauhan CR. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about Contraceptive among Married Reproductive Females. Int J Sci Study. 2014;1(5):2-4.

Patel AA. Knowledge and practices of contraception among married females of rural Tamil Nadu. Asian J Biomed Pharm Sci. 2015;5(42):1-4.

Jahan U, Verma K, Gupta S, Gupta R, Mahour S, Kirti N, et al. Awareness, attitude and practice of family planning methods in a tertiary care hospital, Uttar Pradesh, India. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2017;6:500-6.






Original Research Articles