DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20182889

Assessment of knowledge and practices of menstrual hygiene among urban adolescent girls in North India

Nikita Gandotra, Reena Pal, Sonam Maheshwari

Abstract


Background: Menstruation and menstrual practices are still associated with   socio-cultural restriction and taboos which results lack of knowledge and awareness in adolescent girls and remain ignore of scientific facts and hygienic practices during menstruation leads to severe reproductive health problems. The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge and menstrual hygiene practices among urban adolescent girls.

Methods: A cross sectional observational study conducted. Total 120 adolescent girls enrolled in this study who were attended in gynaecological OPD. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Data was collected regarding menstrual cycle, knowledge about menstruation, practices during menstruation and menstrual hygiene. Data entry and analysis was carried out in Microsoft excel and analysis done by using frequency.

Results: All participants were doing schooling, most of them they have done their high school study (47.5%) and 52.5% of adolescent girls were attended menarche between 10-13 yrs of age. Majority of participants were knowing about the menstruation before menarche (62.5%). Friends followed by mothers were the major sources of knowledge i.e.35% and 27.5% respectively. 22.5% of adolescent girls still using cloth as menstrual absorbent.

Conclusions: All adolescent girls should be educated about the menstruation, physiological implications, its significance and proper hygienic practices during menstruation. Incorrect restrictions, myths and beliefs associated with menstruation can be removed by the help of parents, teachers, trained school nurses/ health personnel.


Keywords


Adolescent girls, Menarche, Menstrual hygiene, Menstrual practices

Full Text:

PDF

References


WHO | Adolescent health - World Health Organization. Retreived on December 24, 2013. www.who.int/topics/adolescent_health/en.

Adrien Gaudineau, Virginie Ehlinger, Christophe Vayssiere. Factors associated with early menarche: results from the French Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study BMC Public Health 2010;10:175.

A Dasgupta and M SarkarMenstrual Hygiene: How Hygienic is the Adolescent Girl? Indian J Community Med. 2008;33(2):77-80.

El-Gilanya A, Badawi K, EL-Fedawyb S. Menstrual hygiene among adolescent school girls in Mansoura, Egypt. Reprod Health Mat. 2005;13:147-52.

Jogdand K, Yurpude P. A community-based study on menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls. Indian Journal of Maternal and Child Health, 2011;13(3):1-6.

Narayana KA, Srinivasa DK, Petlo PJ. Puberty rituals, reproductive knowledge and health of adolescent school girls in south India. Asia Paci Popu J 2001;16(2):225-38.

Datta A, Manna N, Datta M, Sarkar J, Baur B, Datta S. Menstruation and menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls a school based comparative study of West Bengal, India. Global J Med GJMEDPH.2012;l(5):50-7

Patle R, Kubde S. Comparative study on menstrual hygiene in rural and urban adolescent girls. Int J Med Sci Public Health.2014;3:129-32.

Gupta J, Gupta H. Adolescence and menstruation. J Family Welfare. 2001;47:1-13

Dasgupta A, Sarkar M. Menstrual hygiene: How hygienic is the adolescent girl? Indian J Community Med. 2008;33:77-80.

Thakre SB, Thakre SS, Reddy M, Rathi N, Pathak K, Ughade S. Menstrual hygiene: Knowledge and practice among adolescent school girls of Saoner, Nagpur district. J Clin Diagn Res. 2011;5:1027-33.

Singh SP, Singh M, Arora M, Sen P. Knowledge assessment regarding puberty and Menstruation among school adolescent girls of district Varanasi. Indian J Prevent Soc Med. 2006;37(1,2):9-14.

Indian Council of Medical Research (I.C.M.R.). Knowledge and practices of adolescent girls in Reproductive health. ICMR annual report, New Delhi. 2005-2006:60-76.

Omidvar S, Begum K. Factors influencing hygienic practices during menses among girls from south India- A cross sectional study. Int J Collab Res Internal Med Public Health. 2010;2(12):411-23.

Ray S, Aparajita D. Determinants of menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls: a multivariate analysis. National J Commun Med. 2012;3(2):294-301.

Nair P, Grover LV. Awareness and practices of menstruation and pubertal changes amongst unmarried female adolescent in a rural area of East Delhi. Indian J Commun Med. 2007;2(2):156-7.

Nemade I, Anjenaya S, Gujar R. Impact of health education on the knowledge and practices about menstruation among the adolescent girls of Kalamboli, Navi Mumbai. Health and Population: Perspective Issues. 2009;32(4):67-75.

Mitra RS, Roy S, Ghosh A, Das BM. The menstrual characteristics: A study of adolescents of rural and urban West Bengal, India. Ann Human Boil. 2010; 37(5):668-81.

Juyal R, Kandpal SD, Semwal J, Negi KS. Practices of menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls in a District of Uttarakhand. Indian Journal of Community Health. 2012;24(2):124-8.

Khanna A, Goyal RS, Bhawsar R. Menstrual practices and reproductive problems: a study of adolescent girls in Rajasthan. J Health Manag 2005;7:91-107.

Mudey AB, Keshwani N, Mudey GA, Goyal RC. A cross-sectional study on the awareness regarding safe and hygienic practices amongst school going adolescent girls in the rural areas of Wardha district. Glob J Health Sci. 2010;2/2:225-31.