DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20183391

Centchroman use in dysfunctional and abnormal uterine bleeding after D and C

Piyusha Chandrayan, Foram H. Naik, Deepak A. Desai

Abstract


Background: Incidence of DUB is more in the age group of 30-35yr and is about 35%-40%. Medical management (Centchroman) can be the treatment of preference, after excluding any organic pathology in uterus. To evaluate efficacy and side effects of Saheli (Centchroman) in case of dysfunctional uterine bleeding will depend upon the type of endometrium as determined histologically after minor procedure, D&C (Dilatation and Curettage). This drug will be used only in the presence of Proliferative Endometrium on Histopathological Examination.

Methods: The study was carried out at Dhiraj Hospital, Piparia. It was an Interventional Study. 50 patients were studied in 6 months of period, 25 each of DUB and AUB. A total of 50 patients were enrolled in this study, who were attending or were admitted in the hospital. Patients who meet the inclusion criteria were included in this study, after taking prior written and informed consent.

Results: Most of the patient were in the age group 39-45 years. The common complaint was excessive uterine bleeding, for which they were prescribed Centchroman. Most of the DUB patients were relieved on medication. However, few of them who had poor response to drug went for hysterectomy. It was observed that patients with early proliferative phase on HPE had better response to this drug as compared with late proliferative phase. All the patients with late proliferative phase underwent hysterectomy. Most patient with AUB including Fibroid, Adenomyosis, Endometrial hyperplasia had little or no response went for hysterectomy sooner or later on after therapy in 50% cases. Centchroman is relatively a safe drug. The most common side effect encountered was breakthrough spotting in 15 patients. 4 patients complained of amenorrhoea after 3 months of taking this drug and 1 patient complained of itching and rash over the body. No major complications were noted.

Conclusions: Centchroman can be an effective non hormonal drug used for menorrhagia with proliferative endometrium with early changes in patients of DUB. This drug can also be used to control menorrhagia in patients with fibroid. This is also beneficial in patients with menorrhagia with medical illness to avert hysterectomy.


Keywords


Abnormal uterine bleeding, Centchroman, Dysfunctional uterine bleeding, Dilatation and curettage

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References


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