Bilateral ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma metastasizing to cervix: a rare case report
Keywords:Cervical metastasis, Ovarian cancer, Ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma, Secondary tumors in uterine cervix
Ovarian carcinoma is the second most common gynaecologic cancer and the leading cause of death from gynaecologic malignancy. Two-third of all malignant epithelial ovarian tumors are constituted by serous ovarian cystadenocarcinomas. It is generally observed that ovarian cancer tends to remain intraabdominal even in advanced cases and that dissemination is usually by invasion of adjacent viscera, diffuse intraperitoneal implantation, and metastatic involvement of aortic and pelvic lymph nodes. Metastasizes to the uterine cervix, vagina, or vulva in ovarian cancer is rare. The reverse i.e. ovarian metastasis from cervical tumor is rather more common. Published literature suggest that, patients with cervical metastases had associated malignant ascites, retroperitoneal lymph node involvement, and significant peritoneal carcinomatosis. Cervical metastasis in ovarian malignancies always indicates the advanced stage of tumor and multi-organ involvement, indirectly stating poor prognosis. The median survival in cases of ovarian cancer metastasizing to cervix is 4.4 months. Authors report a case of bilateral ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma metastasising to posterior lip of cervix resulted in poor prognosis and proved fatal for the patient with review of published literature.
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