DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20184114

Knowledge, attitudes and practice of condom use among the married women in Mirpur area of Dhaka city, Bangladesh

Fatema Zohora Methe, Shirin Sultana, Faisal Muhammad

Abstract


Background: Condom is an important method of family planning and prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Condom is the only contraceptive method that can protect against both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Unprotected sex leads to many unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The family planning saves lives of women and children and improves the quality of life. This study was aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practice of condom use among the married women in Mirpur area of Dhaka city in Bangladesh.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among the randomly selected sample of 101 women aged 15-49 years from selected areas of Mirpur in Dhaka city of Bangladesh. Pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire was used to elicit the required information from the study participants using face to face interview. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS 21.0 version.

Results: Only 5.9% of the study participants had ever used condom. Most of the study participants (93.1%) considered a condom as an effective method for birth control and prevention of sexually transmitted infections (10.9%). However, 36.6% of them believed that condom use had some harmful effects. The main reason for condom use among the users was for family planning (83.3%) and the rest (16.7%) mentioned that it was due to STIs prevention and family planning. The condom use was found significantly associated with age, educational level, partner’s educational level, socio-economic status, and perceived risk of STIs.

Conclusions: The study revealed that the rate of condom use was very low among the study participants. This might be due to lack of knowledge about proper and effective use of condoms, low perception of risk of STIs, misperception about harmful effects of condoms and the use of other family planning methods by respondents.


Keywords


Attitude, Condom, Knowledge, Perception, Practices, Sexually transmitted infections

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aziz SI, Jwan MS. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Condom Use among Males Aged (15-49) Years in Erbil Governorate Glob J Health Sci. 2012; 4(4):27-36.

Lewis M.A. In: Brief history of condoms. Mindel A. Condoms., London: BMJ;2000;1-16.

Jain AP, Behere P, Jain P, Jain M, Joshi R, Jain S, et al. Textbook of Family Medicine. Hyderabad, New Delhi: Pars medical publisher; 2009.

Gardner R, Blackburn RD, Upadhyay UD, Closing the condom gap: Baltimore, Johns Hopkins school of Public Health population information Program. Popul Rep H. 1999;1(9):1-6.

USAIDS and WHO. Family planning a global handbook for providers. 2007; 202-10. Available from: www.who.int./reproductivehealth/public

World Health Organization. Health benefits of family planning. 1995. Available from: whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/1995/WHO_FHE_F P)P.

Dernnan M. Reproductive Health: new perspectives on mens participation. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins school of Public Health population information Program. Poul Rep J.1998;46:1-6.

National Institute of Population Research and Training (NIPORT), Mitra and Associates, and ICF International. 2015. Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey: Key Indicators. Dhaka, Bangladesh, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NIPORT, Mitra and Associates, and ICF International, 2014.

Cornish F. Making ‘Context’ concrete: a dialogical approach to the society-health relation. J Health Psychol. 2004; 9(2):281-94.

Jenkins C. Female sex worker HIV prevention projects: Lessons learnt from Papua New Guinea, India and Bangladesh. UNAIDS; Geneva, Switzerland: 2000.

UNAIDS: The male condom: technical update. Geneva, UNAIDS, 2000 (A Best practical collection) 2000. Available from: http://data.unaids.org|publications|IRCpub01|JC302TU18MaleCondom_en.pdf

Lasse A, Becker S. Husband-wife communication about family planning and contraceptive use in Kenya. Int Fam Plan Perspect. 1997;23(1):15-20.

Moisur R, Rafiqual I, Matin A. Male contraceptive behavior in Rajshahi district of Bangladesh. Med Sci Monit. 2009; 7(2):15–19.

Ozvaris SB, Dogan BG, Akin A. Male involvement in family planning in Turkey. In World Health Forum 1998;19(1):76-8.

Chingle MP, Odunze PA, Mohammed A, Bitto TT, Sodipo OY, Zoakah AI. Predictors of male condom utilization in Plateau State, Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract. 2017;20:1079-87.

Hernandez-Giron CA, Cruz-V Aldez A, Quiterio-Trendo M, Uribe-Salas F, Peruga A, Hernandez-Avila M. Factors associated with condom use in the male population of Mexico City. Int J STD AIDS. 1999;10(2):112-7.

Mustafa G, Azmat SK, Hameed W, Ali S, Ishaque M, Hussain W, et al. Family planning knowledge, attitudes, and practices among married men and women in rural areas of Pakistan: Findings from a qualitative need assessment study. Int J Reprod Med. 2015;2015.

Ismael AS, Zangana JMS. Knowledge, attitude and practice of condom use among males aged (15-49) years in Erbil Governorate. Global J Health Sci, 2012; 4(4):27-36.