Published: 2018-10-25

Postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device (PPIUCD) insertion: practices and aftermath at tertiary care centre

Kanchan Rani, Nirmal Kumar Pangtey, Garima Khanna, Mahima Rani


Background: According to USAID/ ACCESS 2009 survey, in India, 65% of women in first year postpartum have an unmet need for family planning. Recommended spacing between birth to next pregnancy is at least 24 months and between abortion to next pregnancy is at least six months (WHO Technical Committee,2006). Pregnancy before 24 months of previous birth increase maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. So, during this postnatal period woman must be offered any form of reversible contraceptive. IUCD is most frequently use reversible method of family planning in the world. The aim of present study is to evaluate acceptability safety efficacy and complication of PPIUCD in tertiary care center.

Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at Government Medical College and Hospital in northern India over a period of 1 year from January 2016 to December 2016. Patients were followed up to 6 months period and their complaints and various parameters were analyzed.

Results: 219 patients were inserted PPIUCD during 1-year period. Acceptance rate was higher in P2 (51.6%), between 20 to 25 years of age (47.49%) followed by 26 – 30 years of age (38.8%). On follow up 44.3% had no complaints. Most common complaints were lower abdominal pain (15%), missing thread (14.6%) and vaginal discharge (8.2%). 5.48% women came for removal of IUCD. Main cause of removal was pressure from family and lower abdominal pain. Expulsion rate was low (2.74%). There was no case of perforation or failure (pregnancy).

Conclusions: During present study authors found that PPIUCD is highly effective, acceptable, safe and with fewer side effects. PPIUCD is especially beneficial in Indian population where accessibility for contraception is lower during interval period and women do not come for contraception during postpartum period.


Complications, Intra caesearean, Post placental, PPIUCD

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