DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20184548

Giant uterine leiomyoma: a case report with literature review

Sonali Kalyan, Sonam Sharma

Abstract


Uterine leiomyomas are one of the most common entities encountered in routine gynaecological practice; however, the giant uterine myomas are very rare and can often create a diagnostic dilemma and therapeutic challenge owing to their size, non-specific clinical presentation and degenerations. Here, in this article we review the literature on giant uterine leiomyomas and report one such case in a 38-year-old woman who presented with the complaints of vague abdominal lump, enlargement of abdomen, dysmenorrhea, lower abdominal and pelvic pain since last 2 years and a 6-month history of increased frequency of micturation. Physical examination and radiological investigations suggested a giant abdominopelvic mass, probably a uterine or an ovarian malignancy. An exploratory laparotomy was performed followed by total hysterectomy. Grossly, the specimen was a 15.2 kg uterine leiomyoma measuring 18x18x13 cm in size. Histologically, the benign leiomyoma showed cystic degeneration. The patient’s post-operative and follow-up period was uneventful.


Keywords


Cystic degeneration, Giant tumor, Leiomyoma, Uterus

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