Study of maternal and fetal outcome in various types of placenta previa


  • Sonal Bhuyar Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. PDMMC, Amravati, Maharashtra, India
  • Neha Dharmale Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. PDMMC, Amravati, Maharashtra, India



Placenta previa, Placenta accreta, Postpartum haemorrhage


Background: Placenta previa is one of the life-threatening complications in obstetrics which affects maternal and neonatal outcome. Now-a-days its incidence is increasing due to previous operative procedures. The objective of the present study was to study out maternal and fetal outcome in various types of placenta previa.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted in our tertiary care hospital on 78 patients in order to know the cause and outcome of placenta previa.

Results: Early termination was carried out in major PP group due to APH. 13 out of 17 patients presenting with APH had major degree of PP. Abnormal lie and presentation are commonly seen in cases of PP however cephalic constituted 83.3% cases of fetal presentations in present study followed by breech 10.2%, oblique 3.9%, face 1.3% and transverse 1.3%. In this study, 92.2% neonates were born alive while neonatal death and intrauterine death (IUD) was observed in 5.2% and 2.6% neonates respectively.

Conclusions: Combined efforts for prevention of risk factors for PP, timely diagnosis and planned institutional deliveries can only reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with PP.


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Original Research Articles