DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20184539

Influence of immediate postpartum contraception counseling on the rate of unintended pregnancy in primigravida: a randomized controlled study

Mohammed Khalaf, Shaymaa S. Abd El-kader, Ahmed M. Abbas, Hazem S. Mohamed, Hassan S. Kamel

Abstract


Background: The current study aims to assess the influence of immediate postpartum counselling about effective contraceptive methods to be used by primigravida on the rate of unintended pregnancy during first 6 months post-partum.

Methods: The study was a prospective randomized controlled trial for assessment the influence of immediate postpartum counseling about effective contraceptive methods to be used by primigravida on the rate of unintended pregnancy during first 6 months post-partum who delivered at the period between the 1st of December 2016 and 31st of December 2017. The study patients were randomly assigned into two groups: Group (A) were received counseling about contraceptive methods using illustrations through postpartum interview with the study researcher. Group (B) were not received any counseling about contraceptive methods. The primary outcome was the difference in the rate of unintended pregnancy in both groups.

Results: No significant difference between both groups in preventing unintended pregnancy. In group (A): After 3 months postpartum 140 women (93.3%) were used the contraceptive method correctly. 10 women used method incorrectly and 2 of them get pregnant. After 6 months postpartum 8 women did not use any method but 134 women (95.7%) were correctly used the contraceptive method. In group (B): After 3 months postpartum 127 women (84.7%) were used the contraceptive method correctly. 23 women used method incorrectly and 4 of them get pregnant. After 6 months postpartum 1 woman did not use any method but 30 women (20.7%) were incorrectly used the contraceptive method.

Conclusions: Immediate post-partum counseling about contraceptive methods is good tool to educate women who intend to have optimal inter–pregnancy period about the effective methods that suit them and when to initiate.


Keywords


Contraception, Counseling, Family planning, Postpartum

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