DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20184960

Awareness and knowledge of human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine in prevention of cervical cancer among medical students

Radhika M., Sadiqunissa Sadiqunissa, Mehfooza Ahmed

Abstract


Background: Cervical cancer is the most common malignancy amongst women in India. Identification and prevention of the pre-cancerous lesions helps to reduce the incidence of Carcinoma of cervix. The main aim of the study is to know the awareness and knowledge of HPV vaccine in prevention of cervical cancer among medical students.

Methods: The study included 97 medical students (final year) studying in Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore. It is a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study.

Results: The results of awareness and knowledge about the HPV vaccine are interpreted in percentage. In this study, 76% of study subjects were aware that cancer cervix is preventable, 80% of the study subjects were aware about the association between the causation of cancer cervix by HPV. Majority of the study subjects about 72% ware about the vaccines for HPV but, awareness about the cost and efficacy of the vaccine was low only about 30% and 10% respectively. However, importantly students had a positive attitude to educate people regarding HPV vaccination and also to clear myths and misconceptions.

Conclusions: Medical students should be educated regarding HPV infection, risk factors for causation of cervical cancer, screening methods which are available, HPV vaccines available in India and also about the efficacy and to motivate the society to have a positive attitude towards HPV vaccination by clearing the misconceptions regarding its information.


Keywords


HPV-human papilloma virus, Prevention, Vaccine

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers C, Parkin DM: Estimates of worldwide burden of cancer in 2008: GLOBACON 2008. Int J Cancer 2010;127(12):2893-917.

WHO/ICO Information Center on HPV and Cervical Cancer. HPV and cervical cancer in the 2007 report. Vaccine 2007;25(3):C1-C230.

National Cancer Institute: Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results. 2011.

Lalikangbam P, Sengupta S, Bhattacharya P, Duttagupta C, Dhabali Singh T, Verma Y et al. A comparative profile of the prevalence and age distribution of human papillomavirus type 16/18 infections among three states of india with focus on northeast India. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2007;17(1) 107-17.

Kay Perrin, Rajal Thaker, Ellen Daley, Cheryl Vamos, Pankaj Patel HPV knowledge and behavioral intention among health science undergraduate students: Influence of future health care professionals NHL J Med Sci. 2013;(2)15-21.

Lowy DR, Schiller JT. Reducing HPV-associated cancer globally. Cancer Prev Res (Phila).2012;5(1):18-23.

Das BC, Gopalkrishna V, Hedau S K S. Cancer of the Uterine Cervix and Human Papilloma Viruses. Curr Sci. 2000;78(1);52-63.

Markowitz LE, Dunne EF, Saraiya M, Lawson HW, Chesson H, Unger ER, et al. Quadrivalent Human Papilloma virus. Recommendation of the Advisory comitte on Immunization Practices.2007;56:1-24.

Brotherton JM. Human papillomavirus vaccination update: Nonavalent vaccine and the two-dose schedule. Australian journal of general practice. 2018;47(7):417.

D'Addario M, Redmond S, Scott P, Egli-Gany D, Riveros-Balta AX, Restrepo AM et al. Two dose schedule for human papilloma virus vaccine; Systematic review and meta-analysis. Vaccine 2017;35(22):2892-901.

Canadian Immunization Committee. Summary of Canadian Immunization Committee (CIC) recommendations for human papilloma virus immunization programs. Can Commun Dis Rep. 2014;40(8):152-3.

Anantharaman VV, Sudharshini S, Chitra A. A cross-sectional study on knowledge, attitude, and practice on cervical cancer and screening among female health care providers of Chennai corporation, 2013. J Acad Med Sci. 2012;2(4):124.

Choudhury P, John TJ. Human papilloma virus vaccines and current controversy. Indian Pediatr.2010;47(8):724-5.

Rathod S, Samal SK, Samal S, Ghose S. knowledge and awareness of cervical cancer and Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine among Medical Students: A Cross-sectional Study. J South Asian Feder Menopause Soc. 2017;5(1):41-44.

Rashid S, Labani S, Das BC. Knowledge, awareness and attitude on HPV, HPV vaccine and cervical cancer among the college students in India. PloS one. 2016;11(11):e0166713.

McCarey C, Pirek D, Tebeu PM, Boulvain M, Doh AS, Petignat P. Awareness of HPV and cervical cancer prevention among Cameroonian healthcare workers. BMC women's health. 2011;11(1):45.

Donders GG, Gabrovska M, Bellen G, Van Keirsbilck J, Van Den Bosch T, Riphagen I, et al Knowledge of cervix cancer, human papilloma virus (HPV) and HPV vaccination at the moment of introduction of the vaccine in women in Belgium. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2008;277(4):291-8.

Coleman MA, Levison J, Sanji-Hanghpeyakar H. HPV vaccine acceptability in Ghana, West Africa. Vaccine 2011;29(23):3945-50.

Bhatla N, Joseph E. Cervical cancer prevention & the role of human papillomavirus vaccines in India. Indian J Med Res. 2009;130(3):334.

Ojiyi CE, Dike EI, Okeudo C, Nzewuihe AC, Uzoma MJK. Human papilloma virus vaccine: awareness and acceptability amongst female medical students and health workers in a University Teaching Hospital in Eastern Nigeria. Niger J Surg Sci 2013;23(1):14-17.

Pandey D, Vanya V, Bhagat S, Binu VS, Shetty J. Awareness and attitude towards human papilloma virus (HPV)vaccine among medical students in a Premier Medical School in India.PLos One 2012;7(7);e40619.

Durosoy R, Yamazhan M, Taskbakan MI, Ergin I, Aysin M, Pullukcu H, et al. HPV vaccine awareness and willingness of first-year students entering university in western Turkey. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2010;11(6):1695-701.