DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20160369

Pattern of hepatitis B and C infection among gravid women and their newborns in a tertiary care infirmary in India

Sheeba Marwah, Ritin Mohindra, Sushmita Sharma, Praveen V. Mohan

Abstract


Background: The objective is to determine the prevalence of the hepatitis B and C virus among pregnant women, to assess impact of maternal hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) carrier status on pregnancy outcomes and to gauge the risk factors associated with them. Antenatal clinic attenders and women undergoing termination of pregnancy over three years.

Methods: The study was conducted in Gian Sagar Medical College & Hospital, Patiala, Punjab, India. Hepatitis B antigen and Hepatitis C virus antibody testing of sera from specimens sent to the hospital laboratory for routine serological testing. The results were then linked to risk information, obstetric complications and pregnancy outcome.

Results: Overall HBsAg and anti-hepatitis C antibody prevalence was 1.2% (33/2031). Increased risk of transmission was associated with sexually transmitted diseases and previous surgical procedures. High rates of preterm labor pains, CD (27.27%), and non-reassuring fetal heart rate patterns and meconium stained liquor were found in the seropositive patients.

Conclusions: Maternal hepatitis B and C carrier status is an eminent risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcome.

 


Keywords


Hepatitis, Hepatitis B antigen, Anti-hepatitis C antibody, Pregnancy outcomes, Sero-prevalance, Risk factors

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References


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