Pregnancy outcome in women with previous preeclampsia versus women normotensive in previous pregnancy

Jayshree Mulik, Snehalata Suresh


Background: Women with history of preeclampsia have reportedly higher risk of development of preeclampsia in subsequent pregnancies, along with other adverse pregnancy outcomes. Authors aimed to study the incidence of recurrent preeclampsia and compare the pregnancy outcome in women with history of preeclampsia in previous pregnancy with those who were normotensive in previous pregnancy and further compare outcomes in women with recurrent preeclampsia between their previous and index pregnancy.

Methods: Pregnancy outcome was studied in women with preeclampsia in previous pregnancy (cases) and compared with women normotensive in previous pregnancy (controls). Further analysis of cases was done by dividing them into subgroups: those with recurrent preeclampsia in index pregnancy (A1) and those normotensive in index pregnancy despite being pre-eclamptic in previous pregnancy (A2). Total 100 cases and 100 controls were enrolled in the study, which was conducted at present tertiary care centre from January 2012 to June 2013.

Results: Out of total 200 participants (100 cases, 100 controls) enrolled in the study; 58 out of 100 cases had recurrent preeclampsia and remaining 42 remained normo-tensive in index pregnancy. Among 100 controls, 93 were normotensive in index pregnancy.

Conclusions: Women with history of preeclampsia in previous pregnancy had adverse maternal and perinatal outcome in subsequent pregnancy when compared to the women who were normotensive in the previous pregnancy. But when compared with their own previous preeclamptic pregnancy, they had better pregnancy outcome with good perinatal outcome in their index pregnancy.



Perinatal outcome, Preeclampsia, Recurrent preeclampsia

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