DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20160375

Maternal and perinatal outcome of eclampsia in a tertiary care centre

Sasmita Swain, Sujata Singh, Lucy Das, Balaram Sahoo

Abstract


Background: Eclampsia is associated with devastating maternal and fetal complications. The main objective was to study the perinatal and maternal outcome and the causative factors for the mortality and morbidity in eclampsia patients admitted to this hospital and to explore the factors contributing to the alarming situation.

Methods: 218 eclampsia cases admitted to the labour room in Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, SCB Medical College Cuttack, Odisha, India from Jan 2013 to Sept 2014 enrolled for the study.

Results: In this study 218 eclampsia cases were studied. The incidence of eclampsia in S.C.B.MCH during study period was 1.39%. Most of the patients were primigravida accounting 83.48% out of which 74.31% were antepartum, 14.22% were intrapartum and 11.47% were postpartum. 44.04% of cases had no ANC and 40.36 irregular ANC. Occurrence of onset of eclampsia at <34 weeks GA 27.53%, 35-37 weeks 43.12 % and >38 weeks 29.35%. Most of patients were from rural area (97.50%) and having low socioeconomic status (83.94%) and illiterate. Out of 218 cases 46.33% patients had vaginal delivery, 3.21% patients had vaginal delivery with instrumentation.

Conclusions: There is a need of proper antenatal care to prevent eclampsia and the need for intensive monitoring of women with eclampsia throughout hospitalization to improve both the maternal and perinatal outcome.


Keywords


Eclampsia, Perinatal outcome, Maternal transfer, Magnesium sulphate

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