Role of sildenafil citrate therapy in pregnant women with foetal growth restriction and oligohydrominos from Northern India
Keywords:Intrauterine growth restriction/oligohydramnios, Perinatal outcome, Sildenaphil citrate therapy
Background: No specific treatment is available for severe early-onset IUGR. To best of my knowledge, very few studies have assessed the potential benefit of Sildenafil therapy targeted to improve perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by severe early-onset IUGR in Indian pregnant women.
Methods: The present hospital based prospective study was carried out on one hundred ANC pregnant women with early and late fetal growth restriction and oligohydrominos at Pannadhai Mahila Chikatsalya, Rabindra Nath Tagore (RNT) Medical College, Udaipur, during Jan to Dec 2017. Sildenafil citrate 25 mg three times in a day was administered until delivery. Study subjects were subjected to fetal Doppler and ultrasound twice a week after the Sildenafil administration.
Results: After sildenafil therapy, out of total 45 cases of IUGR alone, 39 cases (86.66 %) had improvement. Out of 35 cases of oligohydramnios alone, 28 cases (80 %) had improvement. Out of 20 cases having both IUGR and Oligohydramnios 16 had improvement (80 %) and only 4 cases did not show any improvement. Among gestation age 27-30 weeks group at the time of admission, there were total 10 cases out of which 5 (50 %) had early premature delivery (32-34 weeks), 3 (30 %) had late premature delivery (34-37 weeks) and 2 cases (2 %) had term delivery i.e. between 37-39 weeks after giving sildenafil treatment.
Conclusions: The findings of the present study indicate that sildenafil citrate may offer a potential therapeutic strategy to improve outcomes in pregnant women facing foetal growth restriction and oligohydrominos.
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