Maternal and fetal outcome in emergency versus elective caesarean section

Sonal Agrawal, Vimal K. Agarwal


Background: Caesarean section preferred as an emergency or elective procedure are entirely different entities according to measures taken, facilities and skilled staff available and preparation done. It has been shown that risk of surgical complications is greater with emergency compared with elective caesarean section.

Methods: Present study is a retrospective study, designed to evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes in elective versus emergency caesarean section performed at our hospital from January 2016 to December 2016.

Results: Out of 2156 caesarean, 1628 were emergency and 528 were elective caesarean section.  In our study overall intra operative complications were 11.08% which was mainly contributed to emergency group.

Conclusions: The elective caesarean section shows less maternal and perinatal complications as compared to emergency caesarean sections. Increasing incidence of emergency caesarean section can be reduced by encouraging all pregnant females to visit antenatal clinics.


Caesarean section, Fetal outcome, Maternal outcome

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