Published: 2018-12-26

Evaluation of the uterine cavity by office hysteroscopy in patients with infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss: a cross sectional study

Abo Bakr A. Mitwally, Esraa Y. Badran, Tamer Arby, Ahmed M. Abbas, Ahmed Nasr, Momen A. Kamel


Background: The aim of the present study is to determine role of hysteroscopy in women presented with primary or secondary infertility and in women presented with recurrent pregnancy loss.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Obstetrics and Genecology Department, Women Health Hospital Assiut University, Egypt from October 2016 to February 2018. Reproductive aged women who are suspected as having intrauterine pathology, such as submucosal myoma, endometrial polyps or other endometrial pathological findings based on the transvaginal ultrasound were enrolled. All patients were scheduled for office hysteroscopy as an outpatient. An informed consent was obtained prior to participation in the study.

Results: Hysteroscopy was performed in 139 infertile women and 41 cases of repeated pregnancy loss. With regard to infertile patients; 67.6% of the patients had normal findings, 10.1% of the patients had intrauterine adhesion, 8.6% of the patients had intrauterine polyp. 5.8% of the patients had septate uterus and 3.6% of the patients had depressed fundus. With regard to patients with recurrent pregnancy loss; 51.2% of the patients had normal findings, 21.9% of the patients had partial septum, 9.8% of patients had intrauterine adhesions, 7.3% of patients had intrauterine polyp and 4.9% of the patients had submucous myoma.

Conclusions: It was concluded that hysteroscopy should be considered as routine investigation in evaluation of women with primary and secondary infertility.


Hysteroscopy, Infertility, Recurrent pregnancy loss

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