Complications of gynaecologic laparoscopy: an audit

Shraddha S. Shastri, Anvita A. Singh, Sameer P. Darawade, Saloni D. Manwani


Background: Minimal access surgery as a modality of treatment for various gynecologic conditions is rapidly gaining grounds in the recent years1. Approximately 30 years after its introduction; the use of laparoscopy in gynecology has evolved from diagnostic purposes into a more coordinated system for the repair or removal of diseased abdominal and pelvic organs. The rapid increase in the number of procedures being performed, the introduction of new equipment, and variability in the training of surgeons all contribute to the complication rate. The objective is to review complications associated with laparoscopic gynecological surgeries and identify associated risk factors.

Methods: Hospital based descriptive observational study performed between January 2013 to December 2017 which included all gynecologic laparoscopies performed in present institute. Variables were recorded for patient characteristics, indication for surgery, length of hospital stay (in days), major and minor complications, conversions to laparotomy and postoperative complications. The laparoscopic procedures were divided into three subgroups: Diagnostic cases, tubal sterilization and Advanced operative laparoscopy.

Results: Of all 3724 laparoscopies included, overall frequency of major was 1.96 %, and that of minor complications was 3.51%. Of 3724 laparoscopic procedures, 214 complications occurred (5.8% of all procedures) and one death occurred. The level of technical difficulty and existence of prior abdominal surgery were associated with a higher risk of major complications and conversions to laparotomy.

Conclusions: Laparoscopic surgery has many advantages, but it is not without complications. Despite rapidly improving technical equipment’s and surgical skill; complication rates and preventable injuries demonstrate continuous pattern. Delayed recognition and intervention add to morbidity and mortality. Each laparoscopic surgeon should be aware of the potential complications, how they can be prevented and managed efficiently.


Complications, Gynecological laparoscopy, Outcomes, Risk factors

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