A retrospective study on ectopic pregnancy at tertiary care hospital: a two-year study
Keywords:Ectopic pregnancy, Implantation, Tubal rupture
Background: Over the last few decades, the incidence of ectopic pregnancy has increased almost to extent of an epidemic disease. The rate of ectopic pregnancy has increased from 0.5% in 1970 to 2% today. The aim of this study was to determine incidence, clinical presentation, risk factor, treatment, morbidity and mortality associated with ectopic pregnancy.
Methods: The present retrospective study was conducted over a period of 2 year in department of obstetrics and gynaecology, JMCH, Jhalawar from Jan 2015 to Dec 2017. A total of 64 patients with ectopic pregnancy were analyzed.
Results: Total 64 cases of ectopic pregnancy were admitted in this duration and total no. deliveries in these 2 year was 18176. So, incidence of ectopic pregnancy at our institute is 0.35%. Most common presenting complain was pain abdomen (in 93.75%) cases. Classical triad of pain, amenorrhea and bleeding was present in 48.3% cases.
Conclusions: Early diagnosis and timely intervention in the form of medical treatment or conservative surgery not only reduces maternal morbidity but also preserves future fertility.
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