Clinical epidemiological study of uterine prolapse
Keywords:Epidemiological, Parity, Risk factors, Uterine prolapse
Background: Pelvic organ prolapse is one of the common gynaecological problem in India among the parous and aged women. Though the pelvic organ prolapse is not life threatening if left untreated it can lead to many social issues and also it reduces the quality of life of a woman. Thus, this study aims at generating epidemiological data on uterine prolapse in a clinical setting and identifying its risk factors so that appropriate measures can be taken to prevent the same.
Methods: It was a descriptive case control study. Using a study proforma the required information was collected from the patients admitted with uterine prolapse (case) and from amongst the patient’s attendees of Gynaecology ward (control). Obtained data were compared and analyzed using appropriate statistical methods.
Results: Uterine prolapse contributes to about 5.9% of the total gynecological patients admitted during the study period. The mean age of presentation with uterine prolapse was 50.1years the mean number of deliveries was higher in case compared to the control with the mean of 4 deliveries. Out of 130 patients, only 13.9% of them had institutional delivery while the others had home delivery.
Conclusions: Uterine prolapse is strongly associated with age, parity and place of delivery. As the risk factors for uterine prolapse are easily preventable public health awareness programme must be conducted on its risk factors there by reducing the incidence of prolapse and decreasing the morbidity caused by it.
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