Maternal outcome in term premature rupture of membranes
Keywords:LSCS, Maternal morbidity, Premature rupture of membrane
Background: Rupture of Fetal membranes before the onset of labour is called PROM. Premature rupture of membrane (PROM) is associated with various complications. The present study is undertaken to study the maternal morbidity in term PROM.
Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at Vijaynagar institute of medical science Ballari for a period of one year by Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology from November 2016 to October 2017. 120 cases of spontaneous rupture of membranes with term gestation with confirmed PROM were selected.
Results: PROM was common in age group of 20-29 years (80%), and common in primigravida. Study showed majority of them belongs to low socioeconomic status (80%) , 13.33% belonged to middle socioeconomic status and 6.66% belonged to higher socioeconomic status. In present study, it is observed that 27.05% cases went into spontaneous labour and delivered normally, 56.50% cases delivered by induction and 20% cases were delivered by LSCS. The rate of maternal morbidity was 16.6%, which includes febrile morbidity accounting to maximum with 9.6% followed by wound infection 3.33% and others were PPH(1.66%)and puerperal sepsis (each 1.66%).
Conclusions: The rate of maternal morbidity was 16.6% and no maternal death observed. Hence an appropriate and accurate diagnosis of PROM is essential for favorable outcome in pregnancy and reduces the maternal morbidity.
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