Place of the misoprostol in 600 µg in intrarectale in case of hemorrhage of the post partum by uterine atony at the Befelatanana University Hospital Centre of Obstetric Gynecology in Antananarivo, Madagascar
Keywords:Atony, Emergency, Hemorrhage, Misoprostol, Obstetrical, Uterotonic
Background: The hemorrhage of the post-partum (HPP) represents a major problem of public health because it hires the vital and obstetrical forecast of the mother in case of delay of taking care. Present study aims at assessing the effectiveness of the administration of 03 tablets of misoprostol in intra-rectal in the taking care of HPP by uterine atony and to determine the épidémio-clinical profile of HPP by atony.
Methods: Authors performed a retrospective and descriptive study concerning the effectiveness of the misoprostol in the taking care of HPP by uterine atony. This study started from December 1st, 2016 till March 31st, 2017. The data processing was performed by Epi info 7 and Excel.
Results: The rate of HPP represented 3.8% deliveries which 69.4% was due to uterine atony. HPP by uterine atony represented 2.60% deliveries. It happened at the women from 25 to 34 years old (46.16%), pauciparous (76.93%), with a lower working time at 8 hours (71.15%) and having performed at least 4 CPN (63.47%), giving of urgent babies with a medium weight of 3073.43 g. The administration of the misoprostol was efficient in 90.40% and we noticed no side effect or of serious complications during the taking care of HPP by uterine atony.
Conclusions: HPP remains another major preoccupation of the obstetricians in our country because it is an emergency that can put into play the vital forecast and which requires a catch in quick load. The administration of 03 tablets (600 µg) of misoprostol in intra-rectal during HPP by uterine atony deserves its place in the armory of taking care because it is a sure method, efficient and easy to manipulate.
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