Published: 2019-04-29

Postpartum implanon/nexplanon uptake in a tertiary hospital in West Africa

Kwaku Asah-Opoku, Kareem Mumuni, Vincent J. Ganu, Ali Samba


Background: The postpartum period is viewed as an opportune period for uptake of contraception. Ghana has an unmet need for family planning of 30%. This study sought to determine the postpartum Implanon/Nexplanon uptake among women at a tertiary hospital.

Methods: This was a retrospective study that analysed 391 Implanon/Nexplanon insertions between 2012 and 2015 at the reproductive health and family planning unit at the Korle-Bu teaching hospital.

Results: Almost 69% (391/565) of all Implanon/Nexplanon insertions conducted between 2012 and 2015 were conducted in the postpartum period. Out of these postpartum insertions, 2.3% were done in the immediate postpartum period, 27.6% were done during the interval postpartum period and 70.1% were in the delayed postpartum period. Age and implant insertion status (first time ever or continuing) were significant determinants of postpartum Implanon/Nexplanon insertions. Compared to women less than 20 years of age, women in the age group 20-29 and 30-39 were 76% (AOR=0.24, CI=0.62-0.97) and 80% (AOR=0.20, CI=0.05-0.86) respectively less likely to have postpartum Implanon/Nexplanon  insertions done. Continuing users of implant insertions were 45% (AOR=0.55, CI=0.37-0.82) less likely to have post-partum Implanon/Nexplanon insertions done compared to first ever users.

Conclusions: There is a high uptake of postpartum Implanon/Nexplanon use among patients who receive implant insertions at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. However immediate postpartum Implanon/Nexplanon insertions are low. There is the need to educate women and couples on the benefits of immediate postpartum implant insertion to avoid rapid repeat pregnancies.


Etonorgestrel containing implant, Extended postpartum, Delayed, Immediate, Implanon/Nexplanon, Uptake

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