DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20191931

Evaluation of effect of pospartum intrauterine contraceptive device

Dinesh Wade, Shweta Avinash Khade

Abstract


Background: This study was done to compare and evaluate safety, efficacy and complications of PPIUCD and interval IUCD insertion and to generate evidence on the safety and effectiveness of these two types of IUCD insertions.

Methods: This prospective study was carried out at tertiary care center and Teaching Institute in the Department of obstetrics and gynecology. All enrolled patients in obstetrics and gynecology from 1/2/16 to 31/7/16 were included in this study. Women fulfilling inclusion criteria were included in the study after informed consent. Study protocol was approved by ethics committee.

Results: A total of 44 women fulfilling WHO standard medical criteria for PPIUCD insertion and willing to comply with study protocol had PPIUCD insertion.  Cause of removal was mainly bleeding (2 cases, 50%) in interval IUCD group. 4 cases of spontaneous expulsion noted in vaginal delivery group prior to 6 weeks. The cumulative rate of complications were higher in PPIUCD group in our study (12 out of 44 i.e. 27.27% and 4 out of 20% in PPIUCD group and interval IUCD group respectively). Compliance of patient was highest in trans cesarean group 87.5%.

Conclusions: Postpartum insertion of PPIUCD is safe effective, feasible and reversible method of contraception.


Keywords


Complication, Expulsion, PPIUCD, Removal

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