Clinicomicrobiological study of the removed intrauterine device

Suresh S. Kanakannavar, Ashwini R. S.


Background: Intrauterine contraceptive devices are one of the most efficient, cost effective long acting reversible contraceptives. But the worrying clinical symptoms, misconceptions and higher rates of genital tract infection have become a hurdle in its acceptance as the first choice of contraception. The objective of this study was to study the common reasons for removal of IUCD.

Methods: An observational study was done involving 430 women who reported to the OBG Outpatient of the hospitals attached to Bangalore Medical College, over a period of 2 years, for IUCD removal. Socio-demographic details, clinical symptoms compelling IUCD removal were elicited. The removed IUCD was subjected to culture and sensitivity. Initial descriptive analysis was used and statistical tests of significance like chi-square were used to know the relation between genital infections and IUCD.  P value <0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Of the 430 women, 46.9% were between 21-25 years of age, 49.3% were primipara, and 71% used IUCD for 1-3 years. Most common reason for removal in the first 2 years was heavy menstrual bleed followed by pain abdomen. 15.3% culture reports showed growth of bacteria, with maximum cultures positive in <5 years of usage, the association was statistically significant.

Conclusions: Present study shows a lower risk of bacterial infections among IUCD users. Hence, effective counseling regarding the safety of IUCD over other spacing methods is essential to increase its acceptance.


Genital infections, IUCD, Reasons for IUCD removal

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