Women’s perception on rights during pregnancy and childbirth


  • Ibitoye O. F. Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences Islamic University in Uganda
  • Adamolekun M. M. Department of Maternal Neonatal and Child Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing Sciences, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Adamolekun P. A. Midwifery Unit, Faculty of Nursing Sciences, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Amuwa T. School of Midwifery, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria




Childbirth, Perception, Pregnancy, Rights, Women


Background: The Nigerian health system as a whole has been plagued by problems associated with the quality of service, including but not limited to unfriendly staff attitudes to patients, inadequate skills, decaying infrastructures, and chronic shortages of essential drugs. Approximately two-thirds of all Nigerian women deliver outside of health facilities and without the presence of medically skilled attendants.  The study was carried out to assess the awareness and knowledge of women regarding their rights during pregnancy and childbirth, and to explore the extent to which women’s rights were respected during pregnancy and childbirth.

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted among randomly selected 140 women at Mother and Child Hospital, Akure, Ondo state, Nigeria. Data was collected with a pretested questionnaire and was analysed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.

Results: Findings revealed that majority (76.9%) of the women had a fair knowledge of their rights in pregnancy and childbirth, with the source of knowledge majorly from their friends. Right to information, informed consent and refusal, even distribution of healthcare services, maintenance of attainable level of health regarding proper monitoring were fairly observed by the health care providers. Right of women against verbal and physical abuse, privacy, treatment with dignity and respect were least accorded to women.

Conclusions: Respective Maternity Care remains a challenge that demands policy interventions in most public health facilities to enhance positive endorsement and utilisation of maternal and health care services.


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Original Research Articles