Published: 2019-04-29

Assessment of knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene among the female nursing students in a selected private nursing college in Dhaka City

Niru Shamsun Nahar, Ratna Khatun, Khondoker Mahmuda Akter Halim, Sharmin Islam, Faisal Muhammad


Background: Adolescent females are often uninformed and inexperienced on most health-related issues including menstruation. The problems of menstrual hygiene are inadequately acknowledged and has not received any proper attention as well. This study was aimed to assess the level of knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene among the female nursing students in Bangladesh.

Methods: A total of 106 female nursing students were selected from Grameen Caledonian College of nursing using purposive sampling technique.  A descriptive cross-sectional type of study was used. Data were collected directly using self-administered semi-structured questionnaire developed and was analysed using SPSS version 22.0.

Results: In this study more than six-tenths (63.2%) of the respondents were 20 years and below and most of them (74.5%) were unmarried.  About 60.4% of them were currently running diploma in nursing and the rest (38.6%) were B.Sc. nursing students. About 72.6% of the respondent’s mothers had above HSC level of education and most of them (61.3%) were from nuclear family.  Little above half (51.9%) of the respondents mentioned that menstruation is the uterine bleeding and the majority (67.0%) of the respondents were surprised during their first menstruation. Most of the respondents source of information about menstruation before menarche was sister (95.3%), followed by friend (92.5%), mother (67.9%) and the rest mentioned the teacher (62.3%). About 76.5% of the respondents mentioned that their mode of disposal of absorbents was dustbin and most of them (68.9%) used water and soap to clean their genital area after menstruation.

Conclusions: The study was concluded that more than half of the respondents had moderate level of knowledge and practice regarding the menstrual hygiene. Most of the (67.0%) of the respondents were surprised during their first menstruation and close to eight-tenths (79.2%) mentioned they had a regular usual menstrual cycle. There is need for more awareness regarding the information on good menstrual hygiene practices.


Hygiene, Knowledge, Mesntruation, Nursing-Students, Practice

Full Text:



Reid G, Bruce AW. Urogenital infections in women: can probiotics help? Postgrad Med J. 2003:79:428-32.

Water Aid. Menstrual hygiene and management an issue for adolescent school girls. 2009. Available at:

Narayan KA, Srinivasa DK, Pelto PJ, Veerammal S. Puberty rituals, reproductive knowledge and health of adolescent schoolgirls in South India. Asia-Pac Popul J. 2001:16(2):225-38.

Ibrahim A, Bukar AG, Godpower CM. Menstrual hygiene practices among female adolescents seen in general outpatient. Clinic Tropical J Obstet Gynaecol. 2018;35(3):281-5.

WASH United - Menstrual hygiene management: 2016. Available at:

House S, Mohan T, Cavill S. Menstrual hygiene matters. A resource for improving menstrual hygiene around the world. Water Aid. 2012:354.

Bhattacherjee S, Ray K, Biswas R, Chakraborty M. Menstruation experiences of adolescent slum dwelling girls of siliguri city, West Bengal. India J Basic Clinic Reprod Sci. 2013:2:(2):85-91.

Dasgupta A, Sarkar M. Menstrual hygiene: how hygienic is the adolescent girl? Indian J Com Med. 2008;33(2):77-80.

Lawan U, Nafisa W, Musa A. Menstruation and menstrual hygiene amongst adolescent school girls in Kano Northwestern Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health. 2010;14(3):201-7.

Teklemariam G. Practice of menstrual hygiene and associated factors among female Mehalmeda high school students in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia. Sci J Public Health. 2014;2(3):189-95.