Clinical correlation with pathology of placenta in medical disorders of pregnancy and its comparison in normal pregnancy
Keywords:Medical disorders, Placenta
Background: Healthy placenta is responsible for maintaining pregnancy and promoting normal foetal development. It reflects the intrauterine status of the foetus.
Methods: In the present prospective study, total 50 Placentae from Medical Disorders of Pregnancies were studied and compared with equal number of Placentae from normal Pregnancies.
Results: The significant macroscopic changes were calcification and infarction seen in Hypertensive Disorder. Extensive placental infarction was associated with high incidence of low APGAR (82%) and perinatal deaths (66.67%). No significant gross macroscopic changes were seen in Anaemia, Diabetes Mellitus and Heart Disease. Increased syncytial knots, fibrinoid degeneration, vasculo-syncytial membrane paucity were significant microscopic changes in Hypertensive Disorder. In Anaemia stromal fibrosis, increased syncytial knots were seen, whereas in Diabetes Mellitus villous edema was the most significant microscopic finding. No significant microscopic change was found in Heart Disease. Increased syncytial knots, fibrinoid degeneration, vasculo-syncytial membrane paucity, stromal fibrosis were associated with increased perinatal mortality.
Conclusions: Gross and microscopic examination of placenta is strongly recommended in cases where maternal co-morbid conditions is likely to have an adverse perinatal outcome.
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