Prevalence of menstrual disorder among college girls and correlation with body mass index
Keywords:Adolescence, BMI, Menstrual disorder, Stress
Background: Menstrual irregularity is the most common gynaecological disorder in all age group. Adolescence is a transitional period between childhood and adulthood and involves physical, biological and psychosexual changes and is characterized by hormonal changes. Aim of this study was to find out the prevalence of menstrual abnormality in college girls in Madurai and their association with their Body mass Index (BMI).
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 200 girls of age group 18-22 years in a college in Madurai after getting their consent from college authorities and students. All details regarding their age of menarche, type of menstrual disorder and their BMI, stress factors were collected. The results were compared using chi square test and the pattern of menstrual abnormality and its relation with BMI and with stress was obtained.
Results: The average age of menarche was 13.38 years in our study, irregular cycle was present in 47.5%, dysmenorrhoea was the commonest disorder and accounts for 26% students requiring medical treatment. Underweight students have irregular cycles compared to other groups. Stress had a significant correlation with menstrual irregularity.
Conclusions: Many students in our study was under obese category, lifestyle modification like regular exercise, avoiding junk food and promoting healthy eating habits should be emphasised among students to have a healthy life. Students should also be informed about menstruation, physiological changes and its importance.
Lee LK, Chen PCY, Lee KK. Menstruation among adolescent girls in Malaysia: a cross sectional school survey. Singapore Med J. 2006;47(10):869-74.
Rupaveni, Veena KS, Subithal L. Menstrual abnormalities in school going girls- Are they related to dietary and exercise pattern? J Clin Diagn Res. 2013;7(11):2537-40.
Mohite RV, Mohite VR. Correlates of the menstrual problems among rural college students of Satara district. Al Ameen J Med Sci. 2013;6(3):213-8.
Verma PB, Pandya CM, Ramanuj VA. Menstrual pattern of adolescent school girls in Bhavnagar (Gujarat). NJIRM. 2011;2(1):30-40.
Shabnam O, Khyrunnisa B. Factors influencing hygienic practices during menses among girls from South India: A cross sectional study. Int J Collaborative Res Internal Med Pub Heal. 2010:2 (12):411-23.
Solanki H, Gosali V, Patel H. A study of menstrual problems and practices among girls of Mahilacollege. NJIRM. 2012;3(4):24-7.
Nirmala JL, Jayavani RL, Nivedhana AP. A study of menstrual disorders in medical students and its correlation with biological variables. Sch J App Med Sci. 2014:2(6E):3165-75.
Umeora O, Egwuatu V. Age at menarche and menstrual pattern of Igbo women of Nigeria. African J Reprod Health. 2008;12(1):90-5.
Ekpenyong CE, Davis KJ. Academic stress and menstrual disorders among female undergraduates in Uyo, South eastern Nigeria- the need for health education. Niger J Physiol Sci. 2011:193-198.
Begum J, Hossain AM, Nazneen SA. Menstrual pattern and common menstrual disorders among students in Dinajpurcollege. Dinajpur Med Col J. 2009;2:37-43.
Singh A, Kiran D, Singh H. Prevalence and severity of dysmenorrhoea: A problem related to menstruation among first and second year female medical students. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2008;52(4):389-97.
Esimai OA, Omoniyi E. Awarness of menstrual abnormality amongst college students in urban area of Ile-Ife, Osun state, Nigeria. Ind J Community Med. 2010;35(1):63-6.