Published: 2019-06-29

Fetal Doppler for prediction of adverse perinatal outcome in preeclampsia in a low resource setting

Pratima Mishra, Bikash Pattanayak, Ramakanta Sahoo, Mahesh Rath


Background: Menopause is defined as the permanent cessation of menstruation resulting from loss of ovarian activity. Menopause normally occurs between the age of 45 to 50 years. The age of menopause varies with geographical, racial and nutritional factors. The objective of this study was to evaluate and to know the incidence of various cause of PMB.

Methods: This was a prospective study of the patient with PMB attending the OPD or admitted for evaluation under Obstetrics and Gynecology department. Hi-Tech Medical College and Hospital, BBSR, Odisha from November 2016 to October 2018 who fulfilled the inclusion criteria with history clinical examination and investigation and informed consent from the patient. Data analyses will be done by appropriate statistical methods.

Results: Maximum number of cases with PMB were found in age group 55-64 (52%). 57% of cases were malignant and rest 43% were benign origin. carcinoma cervix is most common  malignant lesion in 80% cases and atrophic endometrium is most common benign lesion (42%).

Conclusions: In the present study the incidence malignancy causing PMB was 57% and benign cases was 43% Universal Screening of all PMB cases for genital tract malignancy is mandatory.


Carcinoma cervix, Menopause, Odisha, Postmenopausal bleeding, Universal screening

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