Evaluation of thyroid disorders in abnormal uterine bleeding

Bharat Kumar Bilwal, Apurva Garg


Background: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is a common clinical presentation in gynecology. Alteration in thyroid hormones level has been associated with menstrual disturbances. This study is aimed to know the prevalence of thyroid disorders amongst AUB patients and also the different patterns of menstrual abnormalities associated with thyroid disorders.

Methods: 100 Patient of clinically diagnosed AUB were taken from gynecology OPD at RNT Medical College Udaipur from October 2019 to March 2019. All the patients from 19 to 45 age groups presenting with menstrual disturbances were tested for thyroid function by measuring ST3, ST4, and S.TSH. Statistical analysis done by percentage formula.

Results: Out of 100 women of AUB, majority were in the age group of 31-40 years (38%). 44% presented with menorrhagia. 65% were euthyroid, 17% had subclinical hypothyroidism, 15% had overt hypothyroidism and 3% were diagnosed as hyperthyroid. Subclinical hypothyroidism, overt hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism were detected mostly in the age group of 31-40 years. The commonest bleeding abnormalities in hypothyroid patient were oligomenorrhoea while most of the hyperthyroid cases were having menorrhagia.

Conclusions: The study concludes that biochemical evaluation of thyroid function is an easy, reliable method and should be made mandatory in all cases of AUB.


Abnormal uterine bleeding, Euthyroid, Hypothyroid, Hyperthyroid, Thyroid disorders

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