DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20193039

Knowledge, attitude and practices of contraception amongst married women

Jyotsana Lamba, Nikita Gandotra, Nivedita Prashar

Abstract


Background: Aim of current study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of contraceptives amongst married women of reproductive age group.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in obstetrics and gynaecology out door patient department (OPD) of SMGS hospital Jammu. 100 married women aged between 15-45 years were included in this study. Along with the sociodemographic characteristics of the women, their knowledge, attitude /86*and practices on contraception were evaluated with the help of predesigned questionnaire.

Results: It was observed that out of 100 women, majority of them were Hindu (58%), higher secondary educated (21%), housewives (45%) and belonged to low socio economic status (36%). 88% females had knowledge about contraceptive methods that was mainly obtained from health workers (59%) followed by media (23.8%) and social circle (14,7%). 38% women were practicing contraceptive methods, out of which most of them were using condom (39.4%) followed by Oral Contraceptive Pills (OCPs) (21.05%), intra uterine contraceptive device (15.7%) etc. Though most of the women had knowledge about contraceptive methods majority (62%) had negative attitude towards family planning.

Conclusions: In spite of having good knowledge, utilization of contraceptives was less because of religious myths and beliefs, fear of side effects, cultural and political barriers.


Keywords


Attitude, Contraception, Knowledge, Practice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Hammad AQ, Hashmi A, Syed AR, Jamil AS, Aslam G. Contraceptive methods and factors associated with modern contraceptive in use. J Family Reprod Health. 2010;4:41-6.

Populationgrowth (annual%) Data. Available at: data.worldbank.org.

Singh S, Chander S, Rajib A, Ann M, Melissa M. The incidence of abortion and unintended pregnancy in India, 2015. The Lancet Global Health. 2018;6(1):e111-e120.

Trends in Demographic Transition in India - General Knowledge Today. Available at: www.gktoday.in.

Rengel M. Encyclopedia of birth control, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000;ISBN 978-1-57356-255-3.

Ramesh S, Gulati R, Retherford R. Contraceptive use in India, 1992-93, National Family Health Survey Subject Reports, Number 2, October 1996.

Family Planning 2020. Available at: www.familyplanning2020.org.

Federal Ministry of Health. National Guideline for Family Planning Services in Ethiopia; 2011.

Kaushal SK, Saxena SC, Srivastava VK, Gupta SC, Nigam S. KAP study on contraceptive methods in Kanpur district of UP. Indian J Com Health. 2009-2010;21(2):33-8.

Pegu B. Knowledge, attitude and practices of contraception among married womenInt J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2014;3(2):385-8.

Thapa P, Pokharel N, Shrestha M. Knowledge, attitude and practices of contraception among the married women of reproductive age group in selected wards of Dharan Sub-Metropolitan City. J Contracept Stud. 2018;3(3):1-18.

Hakim A, Sultan M, Ahmed F. Pakistan reproductive health and family planning survey 2001. In: Hakim A, Sultan M, Ahmed F, eds. The Institute. Islamabad: The Institute; 2001:60-62.

Humayun S. Knowledge and practices of family planning in grandmultiparas. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2002;12:522-5.

Mahawar P, Anand S, Raghunath D, Dixit S. Contraceptive knowledge, attitude and practices in mothers of infant: a cross-sectional study. National J Commun Med. 2011;2:171-4.

Rao PD, Babu MS. Knowledge and use of contraception among Racha Koyas of Andhra Pradesh. Anthropol. 2005;7:115-9.

Senbeto E. A study on knowledge, attitude, practice and quality of care in family planning at Dessie Zuria District. J Ethiop Med Pract. 2001;3:70-6.

Srivastava R, Srivastava DK, Jina R, Srivastava K, Sharma N, Sana S. Contraceptive knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP Survey). J Obstet Gynaecol India. 2005;55:546-50.

Khawaja NP, Tayyab R, Malik N. Awareness and practices of contraception among Pakistani women attending a tertiary care hospital. J Obstet Gynaecol 2004;24:564-7.

Oyedeji OA, Cassimjee R. A gendered study of young adult contraceptive use at one university in Kwa Zulu-Natal. Curationis. 2006;29(3):7-14.

Brahmbhatt MM, Sheth JK, Balaramanamma DV. A study of knowledge, attitude and practice towards contraception among married women of reproductive age group having≤ 2 Children residing in Vasna ward, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Healthline, J Indian Association Prevent Social Med. 2013;4(2):8-12.

Jabeen M, Gul F, Wazir F, Javed N. Knowledge, attitude and practices of Contraception in women of reproductive age. Gomal J Med Sci. 2011;9(2):223-9.

Sherpa SZ, Sheilini M, Nayak A. Knowledge, attitude, practice and preferences of contraceptive methods in Udupi district, Karnataka. J Family Reprod Health. 2013;7(3):115-20.