Serum lactate dehydrogenase: a prognostic factor in pre-eclampsia
Keywords:Maternal morbidity, Maternal mortality, Non severe pre eclampsia, Serum LDH, Severe pre eclampsia
Background: Pre eclampsia is responsible for significant maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide .Serum LDH level is a useful biomarker for cellular injury which may reflect the severity of pre eclampsia and its level might be a guideline for management of patients. The aim of study was to find out the role of serum LDH in prediction of adverse outcome of pre eclampsia, severity of disease and occurrence of complications.
Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted in the department of Obstetrics and Gynecolog, RIMS, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India. A total of 300 cases were studied.150 cases were non severe preeclamptic and 150 cases were severe pre eclamptic patients. Serum LDH was done in both non severe and severe eclamptic patients .Data entry was done in Microsoft excel 2007. Results were analysed by chi square test.
Results: Higher LDH levels had significant correlation with high blood pressure as well as poor maternal and perinatal outcome.
Conclusions: High serum LDH level correlate well with the severity of disease and poor outcome in patients of pre eclampsia. Detection of high risk patients with increased levels of LDH mandate close monitoring and management to prevent maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.
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