DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20193507

Maternal and fetal outcome of heart disease in pregnancy: an audit in a tertiary hospital in India

Lalita Kambhampati, Kimaya A. Mali, Meena N. Satia

Abstract


Background: There has been a rising incidence of pregnancy complicated by heart disease in India. The importance of heart disease in pregnancy lies in its high morbidity and mortality in both maternal and fetal outcomes combined with lack of enough established guidelines in its management.

Methods: A study was done in department of obstetrics and gynaecology, KEM hospital, Mumbai from January 2016 to April 2017 retro prospectively studying the different manifestations of heart disease in pregnancy and the maternal and fetal outcomes.

Results: During the study period, there were 6500 deliveries in the study center and of them 135 presented with heart disease. Of the 135 cases observed, 100 cases came under the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. The incidence of heart disease in pregnancy in the current institute is 2%. In the 100 cases, 55% were seen to have Rheumatic heart disease, 32% with cyanotic and acyanotic congenital heart disease and 13% with other conditions such as peripartum cardiomyopathy and mitral valve prolapse. Maternal outcome shows 44 patients delivered vaginally, 21 by assisted vaginal delivery and 35 required caesarean section. Maternal adverse cardiac events comprised of heart failure seen in 11 cases, ICU admissions required in 14 patients and maternal mortality in one case. Neonatal outcome comprised of 31 preterm births, still births 2, low birth weight seen in 41 and 16 needing NICU admissions.

Conclusions: Early diagnosis and prompt management with a multidisciplinary approach is fundamental in managing a case of heart disease in pregnancy.


Keywords


Fetal outcome, Heart disease, High-risk pregnancy, Manifestations of heart disease, Maternal outcome, Pregnancy

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