Postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device: evaluation of acceptance and complications

Sindhu S. Gaur, Suman Mendiratta


Background: Postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device is inserted within 10 minutes to 48 hours of expulsion of placenta. The objective of the study was to determine acceptability, safety and complications of PPIUCD in tertiary care center.

Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at Zenana Hospital, SMS Medical College, Jaipur over a period of 1 year from April 2018 to March 2019. Women were followed after 6 weeks and their complaints and various parameters were analyzed.

Results: 5653 women were inserted PPIUCD during 1 year period. Acceptance rate was 29.26% and higher in multipara (54.30%) and between 18 to 25 years of age (50.29%). The main complaints at follow-up were pain and bleeding which were dealt mainly by reassurance. Main cause of removal was bleeding, pain and family pressure.

Conclusions: The acceptance was high in this study group. PPIUCD is safe, effective and acceptable with negligible side effects. PPIUCD has abundant scope in India where accessibility for contraception is lower during interval period and women do not come for follow-up after delivery.


Acceptance, Awareness, Complications, Counseling, PPIUCD, Removal

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