Clinical and sonographic estimation of fetal weight and correlation with the birth weight: a research article
Keywords:Birth weight, Fetal weight, Hadlock’s formula, Johnson’s formula, Symphysio-fundal height, Ultrasound
Background: Accurate estimation of fetal weight is of paramount importance in the management of labour and childbirth. In developing countries including India, estimation of fetal weight by clinical method is important as ultrasound is not available in all health care settings. In view of this, the present study was conducted to estimate the fetal weight assessed by clinical and ultrasound method and correlating with the birth weight.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate fetal weight clinically by using Johnson’s formula and sonographically based on Hadlock’s formula in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in collaboration with Department of Radiodiagnosis, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal from October 2016 to March 2018. The study consisted of 525 pregnant women between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation in whom delivery was anticipated within one week of fetal weight estimation by clinical and ultrasound method and correlating it with the baby’s birth weight measured immediately after delivery. Analysis was done using Chi-square and Student’s t-test and p-value of <0.05 was taken as significant.
Results: Both methods showed positive correlation with birth weight but clinical method (r=0.925) had stronger correlation compared with ultrasound method (r=0.508).
Conclusions: Fetal weight estimation using Johnson’s formula had stronger correlation with the birth weight than ultrasound method and hence, useful for developing countries and all health care workers may be sensitized about the method.
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