Evaluation of post partum intrauterine contraceptive device versus interval intrauterine contraceptive device insertion

Hiral P. Godhani, Dhaval K. Patel


Background: Family planning is important not only for population stabilization, but it has been increasingly recognized as central tool to improve maternal and neonatal health. Aim of current study was to compare interval and post partum intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) insertion in terms of effectiveness and safety.

Methods: This was a prospective observational cohort study, done in the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, GMERS Medical College, Sola, Ahmedabad, from August 2015 to April 2017 was taken for evaluation. 80 women in each group who were inserted IUCD after delivery and in the interval period were studied. Outcome was measured by expulsion rate, continuation rate, and incidence of dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB), Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), failure rate and effect on puerperium.

Results: Expulsion rate in PPIUCD group was 8.75% while in interval IUCD group it was 1.25%. Continuation rate following Postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device (PPIUCD) and interval IUCD insertion was 86.25% and 95% respectively. Incidence of bleeding per vaginum (menorrhagia) was 7.5% in PPIUCD group while 8.75% in interval IUCD group. There was one case 1.25% of PID in interval IUCD group while no case in PPIUCD was noted. Failure rate was nil in both the group. There was no effect on puerperium following PPIUCD insertion group during present study.

Conclusions: PPIUCD is an effective and safe spacing method of contraception as compared to interval IUCD insertion. There is no statistically significant change in incidence of expulsion rate, continuation rate and other complications in both the group.


Continuation rate, Expulsion Rate, Failure rate, Incidence of DUB, Interval IUCD, PID, PPIUCD

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