DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20193148

Cervical traction: a simple step ahead in the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage

Harshita Naidu, Sujatha B. S., Muralidhar V. Pai

Abstract


Background: Postpartum hemorrhage is the most common preventable cause of maternal mortality in developing countries. The present study aimed to examine the impact of cervical traction technique in reducing the amount of postpartum blood loss and rate of PPH.

Methods: This was a case-control, pilot study conducted in a tertiary hospital between June 2017 to June 2018. A total of 200 singletons, low-risk pregnant females, undergoing normal vaginal delivery, were enrolled in this study. Subjects showing a high risk for PPH were excluded. Patients were randomized as case group (n=100) and control group (n=100). The case group received sustained traction for 90 seconds to anterior and posterior lip of the cervix with active management of the third stage of labor, whereas the control group received routine active management of the third stage of labor. All subjects were followed up for 6 hours post-delivery. The amount of blood loss, hematocrit and hemoglobin post-delivery were compared between both groups.

Results: The mean blood loss (ml), decrease in hemoglobin (g/L) and decrease in hematocrit post-delivery in cases were significantly low compared to controls (207±37.6 versus 340±49, P<0.01), (0.78±0.2 versus 1.4±0.3, P=0.03) and (1.7±0.2 versus 3.5±0.2, P<0.01). PPH occurred in 7 of 200 (3.5%) patients. The difference in the number of PPH was not significant (5/100; 5% versus 2/100; 2% P=0.2). There were no complications reported due to cervical traction.

Conclusions: Cervical traction is a simple and safe maneuver to reduce the amount of postpartum blood loss. Larger RCT is recommended to investigate the reduction in PPH rate.


Keywords


Cervical traction, Blood loss, Maneuver, Maternal mortality, Postpartum hemorrhage, Vaginal delivery

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References


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